How Many Batteries in a Golf Cart? With Proper Calculation

How Many Batteries in a Golf Cart

A golf cart battery, like a car battery, is usually one of the most important components. However, unlike automobile batteries, golf carts are powered by deep cycle batteries instead of gas-powered engines. This is done to maintain a constant flow for miles.

Do you need a new battery and want to know how many batteries are in a golf cart so you can replace them? Perhaps you’re in the market for a new golf cart and want to know how many you have to deal with.

The normal golf cart requires 4 to 6 batteries to function properly. A golf cart may have up to 8 batteries in exceptional situations.

Types Of Batteries

This is a question that has puzzled many golfers.

Even though there are many different types of golf carts, they all have the same purpose: to get golfers to their destination.

There are four common types of golf carts that you can find when you go shopping for one, and they all use different numbers of batteries. The four types are

  • Gas-powered
  • Electric-powered
  • Polar-powered
  • Pedal-powered

Read More: Best Golf Cart Batteries

A golf cart contains two batteries, one near the rear and one near the front of the vehicle.

Lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries are the two types of batteries available. There are many different types of batteries for electric golf carts, but most use lead-acid batteries.

Lead-acid batteries are heavy and not as efficient as newer technologies like lithium-ion or nickel-metal hydride. Newer technologies can provide more power for less weight, but they also cost more than lead-acid batteries do.

It is up to you to decide which type of battery will work best for your needs, but both lead-acid and newer types will work well for standard golf carts.

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Steps for Measuring a Golf Cart’s Voltage:

Steps for Measuring a Golf Cart’s Voltage

Golf carts are paired with a total of 36 or 48 volts. A regular golf round is necessary to use a golf cart for around 40 minutes.

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It is important to know the voltage in order to make sure that your electric golf cart can function properly.

There are a few steps you can take in order to determine the voltage of your golf cart. These steps are as follows:

1)  Find the battery.

2)  Read the voltage off of the battery.

3) Plug your charger into an outlet or generator that has electricity, then plug in your golf cart’s charger cord.

4) Now that you’ve determined the position, count the number of holes or cells on a battery. The number of holes you’ll see will be one of three, four, or six.

5) Now divide this figure by two to get the golf cart battery voltage. This is due to the fact that each cell has a voltage rating of 2 volts.

6) Multiply the voltage of the golf cart batteries by the total number of golf cart batteries. This will assist you in determining the golf cart voltage.

7) Wait about 10 minutes for it to charge up fully before taking readings on it again.

6 Volt Golf Cart Batteries & Calculation

The 6-volt golf cart batteries are the most popular batteries for golf carts. These batteries are less expensive and larger in size than the 12-volt batteries. They also provide more power over a larger range of speed and a weight capacity that can’t be matched by other types of golf cart batteries.

1) The cells: The cells account for the majority of the cost and form the heart of a battery. Basically, they store and produce electricity. There are many different cell types, including lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride, lithium-ion, lithium polymer, etc.

2) The plates: Plates are made up of lead or plastic that has been immersed in sulfuric acid or another electrolyte solution to produce an electrical current when there is a change in voltage.

Read More: How Fast Does a Golf Cart Go


2 Volts X 3 Holes = 6 Volt Battery

6 total batteries X 6 volt battery  =  36 Volt System

Read More: How long do golf cart batteries last

8 Volt Golf Cart Batteries & Calculation

1. The 8 Volt Golf Cart Batteries has a voltage range of 6 to 12 volts, and was originally designed for golf carts, but can be used in other applications such as electric scooters and wheelchairs.

2. The 8 Volt Golf Cart Batteries are typically made out of lead-acid cells that are encased in plastic and then arranged together in a series or parallel configuration.

3. Lithium-ion batteries are another type, which is more expensive than lead-acid cells but lasts longer before it needs to be replaced; this type of battery is often used in high-powered electric bikes and cars because they recharge quickly and can provide increased power.


2 Volts X 4 Holes =  8 Volt Battery

6 total batteries X  8 volt battery = 48 Volt System

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12 Volt Golf Cart Batteries & Calculation

For all golf cart battery use cases, 12-volt golf cart batteries are the best. The initial design for a golf cart battery came from the need to store and power electric golf carts. They are also used in electric cars and other power-hungry needs.

There are many types of 12 Volt Golf Cart Batteries, and they come in different sizes and types:

  • Flooded cell,
  • AGM, Gel Cell,
  • Lifeline Deep Cycle,
  • Lithium-Ion.

The last two types – Lifeline Deep Cycle and Lithium-Ion – work best for off-the-grid living because they can be recharged quickly. This is not possible with the other types of batteries because they require a longer time to recharge.

Read More: How to Tell Age of Golf Cart Batteries


2 Volts X 6 Holes =  12 Volt Battery

4 total batteries  X 12 volt battery = 48 Volt System

Can a Golf Cart Run On Car Batteries?

Can a Golf Cart Run On Car Batteries?

Yes. It’s true that you can use car batteries in golf carts.

Car batteries are strong and can power up a golf cart for about 30 to 45 minutes, depending on the weight of the cart.

Car batteries can generally be used in a golf cart, but it is important to make sure the car battery is the right size. Different cars have different sizes of batteries, so it’s important to check that they will fit into a golf cart.

There is no need to buy a big battery because it will be too heavy and too expensive for your needs. Golf carts are typically designed with a single 12-volt battery, so it’s important to use a car battery that has at least an 8-volt power system.

Read More: How to drive a golf cart | Step by Step Instruction

In a Golf Cart, Can You Use AGM Batteries?

Can You Use AGM Batteries?

Of Course, AGM batteries (Absorbed Glass Mat) are a type of lead-acid battery that can be used in golf carts.

AGM batteries are absorbed in glass mat technology, which means the mat is made out of glass fibres and sulfuric acid. Lead plates are submerged in sulfuric acid and this setup provides an excellent solution for deep cycle needs such as in golf carts or off-grid solar systems.

An AGM battery is a sealed, maintenance-free battery with an acid electrolyte that has been immobilized by fibreglass mats.

The mats provide a constant flow of electrolytes to all parts of the battery, which eliminates the need for watering or adding distilled water to replace what evaporates during discharge.

In a Golf Cart, How Do AGM Batteries Work?

AGM batteries are a popular choice for golf carts because they can be installed inside the vehicle and they can last up to 4 times longer than flooded batteries.

AGM batteries’ plates are made out of lead-antimony, which is a combination of lead and antimony. This combination allows them to produce more power and last longer than the other battery types.

The mat is dried after soaking in acid for 2 to 5 % to make the battery spill-proof and safe for transportation. The plates are designed to look like lead-acid batteries and feature a flat appearance.

Lead-antimony is put into an acid or electrolyte solution, which then reacts with each other and forms a chemical reaction. The chemical reaction produces electricity that we use in our golf carts.

Read More: How Long is a Golf Cart

What exactly is the difference between AGM and Gel Cell Batteries?

1.     AGM batteries are sealed, making them suitable for vehicles, boats, and aircraft. Gel Cell batteries are not sealed and should only be used in stationary devices or vehicles that stay outdoors.

2.     The electrolyte in AGM batteries is suspended in a gel matrix which prevents it from leaking. In Gel Cell batteries, the electrolyte is mixed with a paste that can leak out over time.

3.     When the battery reaches a certain level of discharge, AGM batteries have no “memory effect” left on them while Gel Cell batteries will reduce their capacity if they are discharged too low on subsequent cycles.

4.     AGM batteries can be mounted upright or on their side while gel cell batteries must always

Final Word

The most frequent voltage in golf carts nowadays is 48 volts. Some earlier variants are 36 volts, while modern models are 72 volts. 48-volt carts can contain four 12 volt batteries or six 8 volt batteries.

2 thoughts on “How Many Batteries in a Golf Cart? With Proper Calculation”

  1. Golf carts are used commonly in golf courses and many other places. I didn’t know that a golf cart can run on car batteries. Thank you for sharing that information in this article.

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